Salem, Ohio, founded in 1806, was a well-traveled stop on the Underground Railroad. The First Women’s Rights Convention in Ohio was held here in 1850. Salem boasted one of the first electric street trolleys and its downtown hosted a vibrant cultural scene…opera, theater, and dance. Because of its central location and multiple transportation modes, Salem was an obvious choice for industry, and many survive to this day. Dairies dotted the countryside just outside of town and despite the pressure of sprawl, much of the outlying farmland remains under cultivation.